“In our house there was never a shortage of soccer balls and a male figure. But Juan from the age of 3 loved pink and dolls. So his father beat him; when we parted, he even stayed in his charge for a season, to strengthen his masculine tastes. But that didn’t work. Now he doesn’t want to know anything about his life, “says Marcela, the mother of Judy, a transgender teenager of 17. years old, who is in the second year of high school, in a school in Guayaquil.
This November 20, the International Trans Day of Remembrance is commemorated, to remember those who have been victims of transphobia, as well as to call for an end to the daily violence that this group faces. Trans communities – say activists – will take to the streets of Quito this Friday, November 20, 2020, “to demand rights, protections and justice from the state, as part of the first national trans march in Ecuador”.
What are they looking for? Among other issues, making visible demands such as reparations and justice for survivors of homophobic and anti-trans persecution from the 1980s to the 2000s, protections for sex workers, a quota of trans jobs, access free and free to hormones and a greater respect for gender identity in schedules.
The concentration will take place at 12:00 p.m. in Plaza Foch and will take place at the state attorney general’s office, where the march with the demands will arrive. Among other groups, the Fundación Amor y Fortaleza will be present. Its founder is Lorena Bonilla, mother of Amada, the first transgender girl who has obtained from the Ecuadorian civil registry to accept the name that goes with her gender identity, on Tuesday, November 27, 2018.
Marcela and her daughter Judy will not be in the capital, due to the pandemic it is not possible for them to travel. But the mother says they support everyone involved in the mobilization. He doesn’t want more transgender children to experience what his daughter Judy went through, who didn’t start her transition until she was 13.
“He faced a difficult childhood, to strengthen his masculinity we put him in a military school. I remember he was little and he put the towel on his head, to say that he had long hair. . There was a lot of pressure from the family. His father does not accept that his son was born with gender dysphoria and even though he has a penis, he is a woman. At 12, he is already dressed like a queer girl, put on make-up, put on false nails. It was unbearable, she told me one day that she always felt like a woman. We went to psychologists, still in therapy. A million things, until I accept it. “
The organizers stress that it is also important to remember the anniversary of the decriminalization of homosexuality in Ecuador, on November 27, 1997. On May 17, 2019, on the occasion of the International Day against Homophobia, the transphobia and biphobia, the new Ladybug went to the state attorney general’s office to denounce serious human rights violations. They recalled having been victims of torture, illegal detention and extrajudicial executions. They were the protagonists of decriminalization.
The United Nations has launched a campaign against rejection, intolerance and hatred of transgender people. In general, everyone knows what their gender is, they point out. In addition, most people’s gender identity matches the sex indicated on the birth certificate when they first entered the world. But what about trans? They have a gender that is not what they are. For the UN, transgender people are another manifestation of human nature.
In June 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that it had stopped seeing transsexuality as a mental illness.
Judy has feminine features and has been in medical treatment for two and a half years. At first, for eight months, they gave her injections that cost about $ 500 per month. And once every 30 days, she takes hormone and estrogen blockers, which cost her $ 60. “We noticed the changes, her hips and buttocks got bigger. But lately she’s had heartbeats and severe headaches. So we put everything back for a while. Despite being an affiliate at the IESS, they do not treat her there. And for the moment I have no economic possibility to request a private consultation for her, I lost my job, ”says her mother.
The teenager and her mother searched for a place for her to continue her education after the transition. They rejected her because her name is masculine and her appearance is feminine. So mother Marcela decided to go to a private school where she was not asked to take the entrance exam so that they would not see her. “I paid a full year’s pension, they could no longer deny him the quota. I took her the day after registration to try on the uniforms and the authorities told me that I had cheated on them, they did not want to accept it. But they couldn’t do anything. The Fundación Amor y Fortaleza came to give lectures to teachers and managers. They only know my daughter’s condition. She is a good student, she participates in the UN model, she wants to be a lawyer. “
The first trans national march will feature the participation of various groups from Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas, Ambato, Riobamba, Loja, Cuenca, Guayaquil and Esmeraldas, according to the organizers. In Guayaquil, there will also be an action, at 2:00 p.m., in the Centennial Park.